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Le Monde

Accident de Millas : les barrières du passage à niveau étaient levées, selon la conductrice
Décorations de Noël enlevées, drapeaux en berne, illuminations éteintes : les Pyrénées-Orientales portent le deuil, samedi, des victimes de la collision entre un train et un autocar scolaire.
Autriche : l’extrême droite obtient trois ministères régaliens
Le FPÖ dirigera notamment la défense, l’intérieur et les affaires étrangères, aux termes de l’accord de coalition présenté samedi.
En France, une politique migratoire d’une dureté sans précédent
Pour la première fois, le ministère de l’intérieur met un pied dans l’hébergement d’urgence géré par les affaires sociales.
L’élection Miss France consacrée à la cause des femmes, les féministes dubitatives
L’association Osez le féminisme ! regrette une 88e cérémonie des Miss France samedi à Châteauroux malgré tout centrée sur « l’idée de la femme objet ».
Bayrou propose que le MoDem et LRM bâtissent une « maison commune » pour les prochaines élections
A l’occasion du congrès du parti centriste, le maire de Pau a salué samedi « la complémentarité » entre le MoDem et LRM.
De nombreux millionnaires parmi les membres du gouvernement
La Haute Autorité pour la transparence de la vie publique a publié vendredi les déclarations de patrimoine des membres du gouvernement.
Comment Macron se comporte en « DRH » de la République
Depuis son arrivée à l’Elysée, le chef de l’Etat court- circuite les ministres en recevant avant leur nomination les futurs directeurs d’administration centrale, en tête-à-tête.
Afrique du Sud : Jacob Zuma quitte la tête de l’ANC en déplorant le déclin et les divisions du parti
Le parti au pouvoir en Afrique du Sud, le Congrès national africain (ANC), se réunit à partir de samedi pour élire le remplaçant du très controversé Zuma.
Football : Paris se fait peur mais bat largement Rennes, Lille replonge
Les Parisiens ont été inquiétés en début de seconde période mais ont finalement anéanti les espoirs rennais (4-1). Lille s’est incliné 3-0 à Dijon et Metz a gagné son premier match.
Rugby : le Racing s’impose pour sa dernière à Colombes et s’offre le droit de rêver
Si le Racing et de Montpellier se sont imposés en coupe d’Europe, Castres et Toulon se sont inclinés, ce samedi 16 décembre.

Linux Weekly News

[$] Shrinking the kernel with link-time garbage collection
One of the keys to fitting the Linux kernel into a small system is to remove any code that is not needed. The kernel's configuration system allows that to be done on a large scale, but it still results in the building of a kernel containing many smaller chunks of unused code and data. With a bit of work, though, the compiler and linker can be made to work together to garbage-collect much of that unused code and recover the wasted space for more important uses.
Click below (subscribers only) for a detailed article from Nicolas Pitre on how to use link-time garbage collection to create a smaller kernel image.
Security updates for Friday
Security updates have been issued by Debian (erlang), Fedora (python-dulwich), Gentoo (curl, opencv, openssl, and webkit-gtk), openSUSE (libapr-util1 and php5), Red Hat (qemu-kvm-rhev), and Ubuntu (linux, linux-aws, linux-kvm, linux-raspi2 and linux-lts-xenial, linux-aws).
Goodbye, net neutrality—Ajit Pai’s FCC votes to allow blocking and throttling (Ars Technica)
In a vote that was not any kind of surprise, the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to end the "net neutrality" rules that stop internet service providers (ISPs) and others from blocking or throttling certain kinds of traffic to try to force consumers and content providers to pay more for "fast lanes". Ars Technica covers the vote and the reaction to it, including the fact that the fight is not yet over: "Plenty of organizations might appeal, said consumer advocate Gigi Sohn, who was a top counselor to then- FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler when the commission imposed its rules.
'I think you'll see public interest groups, trade associations, and small and mid-sized tech companies filing the petitions for review,' Sohn told Ars. One or two 'big companies' could also challenge the repeal, she thinks.
Lawsuit filers can challenge the repeal on numerous respects, she said. They can argue that the public record doesn't support the FCC's claim that broadband isn't a telecommunications service, that 'throwing away all protections for consumers and innovators for the first time since this issue has been debated is arbitrary and capricious,' and that the FCC cannot preempt state net neutrality laws, she said."
Protecting code integrity with PGP
Linux Foundation Director of IT infrastructure security, Konstantin Ryabitsev, has put together a lengthy guide to using Git and PGP to protect the integrity of source code. In a Google+ post, he called it "beta quality" and asked for help with corrections and fixes. "PGP incorporates a trust delegation mechanism known as the 'Web of Trust.' At its core, this is an attempt to replace the need for centralized Certification Authorities of the HTTPS/TLS world. Instead of various software makers dictating who should be your trusted certifying entity, PGP leaves this responsibility to each user.
Unfortunately, very few people understand how the Web of Trust works, and even fewer bother to keep it going. It remains an important aspect of the OpenPGP specification, but recent versions of GnuPG (2.2 and above) have implemented an alternative mechanism called 'Trust on First Use' (TOFU).
You can think of TOFU as 'the SSH-like approach to trust.' With SSH, the first time you connect to a remote system, its key fingerprint is recorded and remembered. If the key changes in the future, the SSH client will alert you and refuse to connect, forcing you to make a decision on whether you choose to trust the changed key or not.
Similarly, the first time you import someone's PGP key, it is assumed to be trusted. If at any point in the future GnuPG comes across another key with the same identity, both the previously imported key and the new key will be marked as invalid and you will need to manually figure out which one to keep.
In this guide, we will be using the TOFU trust model."
Stable kernels 4.14.6 and 4.9.69
Two new stable kernels have been released by Greg Kroah- Hartman: 4.14.6 and 4.9.69. As usual, they contain fixes all over the kernel tree; users of those series should upgrade.
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